The Group of Twenty (G20″) is a club of countries who meet every year to discuss plans for the world economy. G20 is made up of 19 of the world’s largest economies plus a representative from the European Union. The location for the summit changes every year.
G20 Summit In New Delhi
Leaders from all over the world met up in New Delhi, for the G20 summit on September 9-10, 2023. The main purpose of the meeting is for world leaders to get together and to talk about the world’s economies and the issues countries are facing. Some of the key issues are the ongoing recovery after the Covid-19 pandemic, the cost of living crisis, the war in Ukraine and climate change.
New Delhi underwent a makeover to welcome foreign delegates for the G20 summit. The capital has been decorated with ornamental flowers and fountains at traffic roundabouts, while public buildings and pavements were given a fresh coat of paint. The summit was held at the newly inaugurated Bharat Mandapam, Pragati Maidan. India assumed the G20 presidency on December 1 last year and about 200 meetings related to G20 were organ-ised in 60 cities across the country.
Also read, G20 Summit: India’s Role in the 2022 Summit
Theme Of G20 Summit
India’s G20 theme is derived from the Sanskrit phrase, “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” (or the world is a family). According to the organisers, the theme is drawn from an ancient Sanskrit text. The phrase highlights the “value of all life, human, animal, plant, and microorganisms – and their interconnectedness on the planet Earth and in the wider universe”.
G20 Leaders Who Attended The Summit
G20 Summit 2023: Special Invitees
- United Arab Emirates
World leaders That Did Not Attend The G20 Summit
- Xi Jinping – President, China
- Vladimir Putin – President, Russia
- Pedro Sánchez – President, Spain
- Andrés Manuel López Obrador – President. Mexico
Prime Minister Narendra Modi also handed over the G20 presidential gavel to Brazilian President Luz Inacio Lula da Silva. Brazil will host the next G20 meeting in 2024.
Key Outcomes Of G20 Summit In Delhi
1. G20 Becomes G21
The African Union has been admitted as a new member of the G20. The African Union represents 55 African countries
2.An agreement was reached by the world leaders and the New Delhi Declaration was adopted. The New Delhi Declaration covered many aspects and also talked about points on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, global fight against corruption, global health, improvement in education, and better preparedness for future global health events like the Covid pandemic.
3.Global Biofuels Alliance has been launched. This Alliance will try to facilitate cooperation and the use of sustainable biofuels, including in the transportation sector. The Alliance has started with nine member countries – India, the US, Brazil, Argentina, Bangladesh, Italy, Mauritius, South Africa, and the United Arab Emirates. Canada and Singapore are observer countries.
4. The leaders also agreed to triple global renewable energy capacity by
2030. Britain has committed $2 billion to the Green Climate Fund to help developing countries cope with the climate crisis. The green climate fund is the biggest single commitment the UK has made to help the world address climate change.
Fun Facts About G20 Summit New Delhi 2023:
Delhi is home to troops of wild monkeys. To ensure the monkeys do not disturb the important guests during the G20 Summit, officials had set up cardboard cut-outs of larger langur predator monkeys in the hope it will keep the monkeys away. More than 30 voice actors were also employed to stand behind the cut-outs and make the intimidating sounds of langur monkeys screaming and hooting.
The World’s Tallest Nataraja statue was installed at the G20 Summit Venue. The 27 foot tall Natraja statue portrays Lord Shiva in his cosmic dance. It weighs 18 tons and was made by artisans from Swamimalai in Tamil Nadu.
Indian President Droupadi Murmu hosted the G20 dinner for 170 guests on September 9 at the hall of Bharat Mandapam, the venue of the summit.
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