What Is COP 28?
COP28 is the popular name for the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2023. It will be held in Dubai from November 30-December 12, 2023. COP stands for “Conference of the Parties”, which are the 198 parties that have signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, originally adopted in Brazil in 1992.
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Since 1995, COPs have been held every year in different cities, with the exception of COP26 in Glasgow, which was delayed by a year due to the Coronavirus pandemic. COP is an annual event where representatives of the UN and governments from around the world discuss and make strategies to fight climate change on a global scale.
Who Attends COPS?
The conference is attended by representatives of the countries that are part of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. There are currently 198 parties, including all United Nations member states, UN General Assembly observers, and the European Union. Some charities, scientists, journalists, Indigenous Peoples’ groups, and general members of the public also attend. Once the meeting is over, the parties usually release a joint statement outlining their plans to tackle global warming and climate change.
The Start Of COPS
The idea for COP came from the Earth Summit, which was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992. This was a very big international conference, organised by the United Nations because of the growing concerns about the environment. World leaders realised that countries needed to work together to fight climate change. During the Earth Summit, an international environmental treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, was signed by 154 states. The treaty set out a requirement for regular meetings of the signatories so that environmental policies could be made and agreed. These meetings became known as Conferences of the Parties or COP for short.
The first COP was held in Berlin, Germany, in 1995.
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