The Junior Age

Month: March 2023

Understanding Earthquakes

The Earth is made of four basic layers: a solid crust, a hot, nearly solid mantle, a liquid outer core and a solid inner core.

What Is An Earthquake?

Earthquake is a natural disaster that occurs when the tectonic plates crash into or brush against each other. Earthquakes cause the ground to shake and large cracks open up in the Earth’s surface.  Earthquakes are more common in certain countries due them being on the edge of tectonic plates.

What Causes an Earthquake?

The tectonic plates are always  moving, but sometimes they get stuck. This non-stop movement causes stress on Earth’s crust. When the stresses get too large, it leads to cracks called faults. When tectonic plates move, it also causes movements at the faults. An earthquake is the sudden movement of Earth’s crust at a fault line.

Also checkout, Everything You Need To Know About Volcanoes

Types of Earthquakes You Should Know About:

There are four different types of earthquakes: tectonic, volcanic, collapse and explosion.

  1. A tectonic earthquake is one that happens when the earth’s crust breaks down as a result of geological forces acting on nearby plates and rocks, which change their physical and chemical composition.
  1. A volcanic earthquake is any earthquake that results from tectonic forces which occur in conjunction with volcanic activity.
  1. A collapse earthquake are small earthquakes in underground caverns and mines that are caused by seismic waves produced from the explosion of rock on the surface.
  1. An explosion earthquake is an earthquake that is the result of the detonation of a nuclear and/or chemical device.

What is an Epicentre?

The ground above where an earthquake starts is called the epicentre. An earthquake’s most intense shaking is often felt near the epicentre. However, the vibrations from an earthquake 

can usually be felt and detected thousands of miles away from the epicentre.

How are Earthquakes Measured?

Earthquakes are measured using seismographs, which monitor the seismic waves that travel through the Earth after an earthquake strikes.

Scientists use something called the Moment Magnitude scale to measure how strong an earthquake is. This scale measures the energy that is released by the earthquake which makes it very accurate.

In the past, scientists used something called the Richter scale which measured the size of the seismic waves.

What is an earthquake zone?

An earthquake zone is defined as the zone on the earth’s surface around which the majority of earthquakes occur. It is also known as the seismic zone or earthquake belts.

Where Earthquakes Happen?

Where tectonic plates collide, there are earthquakes along the fault lines. Around 80% of earthquakes happen near the Pacific Ocean’s rim. The region is a meeting place for numerous tectonic plates and is known as the Ring of Fire due to the abundance of volcanoes there.

What Can You Do To Stay Safe in an Earthquake?

Usually earthquakes last only 10 to 30 seconds. During an earthquake it is advisable to get to a safe place fast. Keep the following things in mind:

If you are indoors:

  • Get down on your hands and knees and crawl to your shelter.
  • Take cover underneath a sturdy table, desk, or bed. Cover your head and neck with your arms. If furniture isn’t nearby, crouch down on your knees with your arms over your head and neck next to an interior wall. (Don’t stand under a doorway—they can easily collapse.)
  • Stay away from glass windows, doors, and walls.

If you are outdoors:

  • Stay away from tall buildings and trees.
  • Find a space spot and stay there until safe

What To Do After An Earthquake?

Once the earthquake has passed, look for any wounds. Stay tuned for warnings from the local authorities. Be ready for any possible aftershocks. First aid kits must be used to tend to persons with minor injuries such as bleeding and bruises. Whereas seriously injured individuals must not be moved until they are out of danger and proper medical help has arrived. One must stay away from downed power lines and any object or appliance in contact with it.

Did You Know?

 – Tectonic plates are made up of rocks that make up the outer layer of the Earth, which fit together like a puzzle covering the Earth. Tectonic plates are located all over the world and are constantly moving. 

 – Seismic waves are the shockwaves that travel through the ground and are very strong at the centre of the earthquake.

Watch full video on, Meet the 8-Year-Old Braveheart Who Said Hello To Everest

Interesting Facts About Tiger, The Largest Wild Cat

Tiger is the largest wild cat in the world. Presently, there are five different subspecies of tigers namely the Royal Bengal Tiger, Sumatran Tiger, Siberian Tiger, South China Tiger, and Indochinese Tiger. Three subspecies of tigers are already extinct. The extinct subspecies are Balinese, Caspian, and Javanese subspecies. These are just some of the interesting facts about tigers.

Tigers are fascinating creatures, renowned for their beauty, strength, and agility. As the largest wild cat species, they captivate our imagination with their majestic presence.

Here are some interesting facts about tigers:

Size and Appearance:

Tigers are the largest members of the cat family (Felidae). They can grow up to 11 feet (3.3 meters) in length, excluding the tail, which can add another 3 to 4 feet (1 meter). Adult tigers can weigh between 220 to 660 pounds (100 to 300 kilograms). Their iconic orange fur with black stripes provides excellent camouflage in their natural habitats.


There are currently six recognized tiger subspecies: Bengal tiger, Siberian tiger, Sumatran tiger, Malayan tiger, Indochinese tiger, and South China tiger. Each subspecies has its unique characteristics and is adapted to specific regions across Asia.

Habitat and Distribution:

Tigers inhabit a diverse range of habitats, including dense forests, mangrove swamps, grasslands, and even high-altitude regions. Historically, tigers ranged from eastern Turkey to the Russian Far East and as far south as the Indonesian island of Bali. Today, they are mainly found in isolated pockets across Asia.

Hunting and Diet:

Tigers are carnivores and apex predators, primarily feeding on large ungulates such as deer, wild boar, and buffalo. They are solitary hunters and can take down prey that outweighs them. A tiger can consume up to 88 pounds (40 kilograms) of meat in one sitting and may go several days without eating.

Strength and Abilities:

Tigers possess incredible strength and agility. They are capable of leaping distances of over 30 feet (9 meters) and can swim up to 3 miles (5 kilometers) at a time. Their muscular bodies allow them to overpower prey, and they have a strong bite force that can crush bones.


Tigers use vocalizations, body language, and scent markings to communicate with each other. Roaring is a prominent vocalization, which can be heard over long distances. Other sounds include growls, hisses, and chuffing noises.

Endangered Status:

Tigers are listed as endangered species due to poaching, habitat loss, and human-wildlife conflict. Their population has significantly declined over the past century. Conservation efforts focus on protecting their habitats, combating poaching, and promoting sustainable coexistence between tigers and local communities.

Symbolic Significance:

Tigers hold cultural and symbolic significance in many societies. They are considered national animals in several countries, including India, Bangladesh, and Malaysia. Tigers feature prominently in folklore, mythology, and art, often representing power, courage, and nobility.

Conservation Success Stories:

Despite the challenges, conservation efforts have shown positive outcomes in certain regions. For instance, the population of the Siberian tiger (also known as Amur tiger) has increased in recent years due to conservation measures in Russia.

Importance for Ecosystems:

Tigers play a vital role in maintaining the balance of ecosystems. As apex predators, they help regulate prey populations, which in turn affects vegetation and other wildlife. Protecting tiger habitats also benefits a wide range of other species.

Facts about Tigers.

Tiger Sub-SpeciesWhere Are They Found?Conservation Status
Royal Bengal TigerBangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal. Endangered
Sumatran TigerIndonesian island of Sumatra.Critically Endangered
Siberian TigerRussia’s birch forests and some exist in China and North KoreaEndangered
Indochinese TigerTropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. Endangered
South China TigerTropical rain forests and evergreen broad-leaved forests in southern China.Endangered

Characteristics of Tigers.

These apex predators can kill prey of all sizes, even rats and baby elephants. Tigers live far apart from one another. Based on the trees around, a tiger can determine if it is in another tiger’s territory. Each tiger uses urine and unique scratches to mark the trees in its territory.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Male – Tiger

Female – Tigress

Young Ones – Cub, Whelp

Sound – Roar, Growl

Average Lifespan – Wild: 8-10 years, Captivity: 20-25 years

Group – Streak/ Ambush

Habitat – Asia

Also read, Kangaroo: World’s Largest Hopping Animal

Tiger’s Habitat and Population.

1. India has the largest population of wild tigers. You can easily spot tigers in these wildlife sanctuaries-

A)  Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan.

B) Sunderban Tiger Reserve, West Bengal.

C) Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh.

D) Sariska Tiger Reserve – 200 km from Delhi.

E) Panna National Park, Madhya Pradesh.

2. Tigers are solitary animals and live in their marked territories.

3. Each tiger has unique stripes. No two tigers will have the same stripes. Tiger stripes are also found on their skin. The stripes help them camouflage during the day.

4.Tigers can grunt, growl, roar, moan, snarl, chuff, hiss and gasp. Each vocalisation is used to communicate different things.

5. Tigers are good swimmers. They like water and often cool off in pools or streams.

6. A group of tigers is called ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’. 

7. One of the most shocking facts about tigers is that they’re known for sharing their hunts. If they land a particularly plentiful prey, tigers have been seen to share with other nearby tigers.

International Tiger Day.

July 29 is the International Tiger Day.

The tiger was adopted as the National Animal of India in 1972. The tiger was adopted as the National Animal because of its presence in many Indian states, the global importance of this wild cat, and the need to protect it.

 One can hear a tiger’s roar from almost three kilometres away.

Tigers’ “eyes” are on the back of their ears. It is believed that the white spots on a tiger’s ears function as its extra eyes that can detect attackers from behind.  

When tigers get bruised or wounded, they lick the affected area to disinfect and prevent any kind of infection as their saliva is a natural wound antiseptic. This healing property comes from a special protein found in their saliva, which quickens their recovery.

Tigers have strong, powerful paws with claws that could grow up to 12 cm long. Next to their strong teeth, tiger claws serve as their main defence mechanisms.

Tigers have been excessively hunted for their fur and other body parts that are used in traditional medicine by many people. As people have developed land for needs such as farming and logging, the habitat for tigers has also drastically decreased.

Tigers are mostly nocturnal (more active at night) and are ambush predators that rely on the camouflage their stripes provide to stalk prey.

Did you know that tigers wait until dark to hunt? The tiger runs up to an unwary animal and typically lifts it off its feet using its teeth and claws. Smaller prey is typically killed by the tiger breaking its neck; larger prey is destroyed by the tiger biting its throat.

Tigers continue to captivate us with their grace and strength, but their future remains uncertain. Preserving their habitats, combating poaching, and raising awareness are crucial for ensuring the survival of these magnificent creatures for generations to come.

Also checkout full video on, AnimalKingdom : Tiger Is The Largest Wild Cat In The World

Top Kids Bookstores In Delhi NCR

As we know that summer vacations are round the corner and you need to think of how to keep your child busy for the entire day. Yes, reading is on the top of your list and we are here with a list of top kids bookstores in Delhi NCR from where you can get knowledgeable as well as premium books for your kids to read. With all the modern technologies and apps that we might be able to adapt, but when it comes to literature, we always favour the old school of thought. Nothing beats the smell of your favourite book next to your chest.

Reading provides us with the opportunity to widen our perspectives, increase our knowledge, and, occasionally, escape to a different world. Isn’t it?

Also Read, Keeping Your Kids Busy: A Comprehensive Guide to Planning the Best Summer Activities for Children

Scroll down below to know about the top kids bookstores in Delhi NCR –

Oxford Book Store – Best Bookstore In Delhi

Oxford Bookstore, which opened in 1919, is the best equipped store for trips of the mind, offering its clients the broadest selection of exceptional books and dependable courteous and knowledgeable service for over a century. Find a wide collection of kids’ books in their store.

Address: N 81, Connaught Place, New Delhi – 110 001.

Top-rated children’s book store – People Tree

Here you will find everything under one roof, including hand-painted T-shirts, artwork, and a large selection of books. The best part is they are stocking on educational and interesting films too.

Address: 8, Regal Building, Parliament Street, Connaught Place, New Delhi, Delhi 110001.

Children’s books Store Delhi NCR Bahrisons

Located in Khan Market ever since 1953, Bahrisons is one of the most iconic bookstores in Delhi. With one of the best and largest selections, Bahrisons Booksellers is certain to have the book you’re looking for, whether it’s a classic or a graphic novel. To ensure you don’t forget to order a book you’ll want to read right away, we advise you to start compiling a list.

Address: Flat 65, 2nd Floor, Above Colocal Café, Inner Lane, Khan Market, New Delhi, Delhi – 110003.

Bookstore For Young ReadersEureka

What started off as a bookstore for children then turned into an online bookstore that sent books to every part of Delhi, but Eureka! still keeps a warehouse-turned-bookstore where you may browse some of the newest publications.

Address: M-block Market, Greater Kailash II, Greater Kailash, New Delhi, Delhi 110048.

Chapter 101, Top Kids Bookstores In Delhi NCR

There is a wide selection of excellent books available at Chapter 101 in Gurgaon that are difficult to get elsewhere. There is something for every type of reader here, from the newest releases to the most well-known classics and from fiction to non-fiction.

Address: 101D, 1st Floor, Golf Course Rd, DLF Phase 5, Sector 53, Gurugram, Haryana 122009.

Best Kids Books Stores – Full Circle

Full Circle in Cafe Turtle is for the city’s independent bookworms and coffee enthusiasts. In this family-run cafe and bookstore, you can find comic books as well as books on history, the arts, fiction, and religion.

Address: N 16 Basement, N Block Market, Greater Kailash 1.

Om Book Shop – Books for kids in Delhi NCR

It is the largest bookshop chain in Delhi-NCR. The best part is they sometimes hold storytelling sessions and it is just amazing. They have multiple stores in Delhi and you can find them at many shopping malls too.

Address: 331, 2nd Floor, DLF Promenade Mall, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 1100070.

Kid-Friendly Bookshops – English Bookstore

The English Bookstore, which was established in 1938, specialises in literature about the military, hunting, shooting, and even aircraft. Even the roof of the store’s entrance has a massive Cessna model hanging from it, and toy aeroplanes have been placed on the bookcases.

Address: L-17, Block L, Connaught Place, New Delhi, Delhi 110001.

May Day Bookstore & Cafe – Children’s book collection Delhi

LeftWord Books has opened a bookstore called May Day that also functions as a cafe. The location is popular with artists, academics, and intellectuals in addition to bookworms.

Address: 2254/2A Ground Floor Shadi Khampur, New Ranjit Nagar, Shadipur New Delhi.

Kids Book Shops In Delhi NCR – Midland Book Shop

This bookstore is situated in the centre of Aurobindo market, which is a very convenient location. Despite being small, they have a respectable collection of comic books and graphic novels. If you want them to, they will even order a book that isn’t already in their collection.

Address: Shop No.20, Aurobindo Place Market, Beside Summer House Cafe, Hauz Khas, New Delhi.

The Bookshop – Popular Book Shops For Kids in Delhi-NCR

This is the perfect one for you if you’re seeking for fiction, biographies, current events, murder mysteries, even graphic novels and cuisines. They even have a dedicated section for children’s books and you can easily find your pick here.

Address: 13/7, Jor Bagh Market, Jor Bagh, New Delhi.

Kool Skool Bookstore, Book Store For Kids

This store has an excellent collection of kid’s books from the most renowned children’s publisher. They organise book reviews and story telling sessions too.
Address: D-3, Qutub Plaza Market, DLF City I, Gurugram, Haryana 122002.

Watch Full Video On , #AnimalKingdom: Jellyfish Fast Facts

Simple Ways To Improve General Knowledge Of Children

Good broad knowledge is essential for kids in today’s competitive environment. The Junior Age brings some interesting ways to improve general knowledge of children. Improving a kid’s knowledge helps in increasing a child’s awareness of his surroundings too. Learning always doesn’t have to be difficult as it can be interesting and fun too. Their general knowledge will enable them to better relate to and comprehend the various aspects of the world and how it functions. It becomes simpler to relate to various subjects, the more general awareness and information one possesses. It also has a link to better problem solving and open-mindedness.

Kids who have a broad knowledge base do better in school exams, class discussions, entrance exams, group discussions, and interviews. They also have better conversational skills since they can speak on a number of topics with ease.

Ways to improve General Knowledge in Kids.

The following are some of the ways to improve general knowledge of children –

1. Reading Newspapers.

Reading is important and serves as a basic building block for learning. It strengthens the brain and improves concentration. It helps in the growth of children’s capacity to sit still and be silent for progressively longer periods of time. Reading newspapers, magazines or GK books tells children what is going on in the world and makes them more aware of the surroundings around them.

Subscribe to The Junior Age to develop reading habits for you and your children.

2. Watch Documentaries Or Other Video Materials

There can be an increase in your awareness and knowledge of current issues, which are crucial to general knowledge, by watching TV news and documentaries. We also think that video might interest and attract the child more.

3. Play Educational Games

How about playing games like “ATLAS,” “Hop on the Earth,” “World Bingo” and others so that they will unconsciously finish their daily dose of G.K. Class. And it won’t be a study session for them. Don’t you like this idea?

Our flashcards are also available to buy and use for a fun educational session with your kid.

Here is how you can improve your child’s General Knowledge at home.

1. A Healthy Discussion With Your Child

Promote conversation at home. on the dining room table, for meals or during tea. Speak to your child about the significant events taking place around them, encourage them to participate in the debates in their own right, and address any questions or doubts they may have.

2. Supervise Their Screen Time And What They Are Watching

Make sure you know what your child is watching even on social media or on television.  You must have heard about Man vs. Wild or Planet Earth.You can always opt for national geographic or educational programmes that keep them busy.

3. Knowledgeable Websites

Living in the age of the internet has made things super easier than before. You can find almost anything on the web. But beware, not everything on the web is genuine. 

Also checkout, #WorldArtDay,we want to celebrate and recognise the creativity and artistic expression of each child

Everything You Need To Know Oscars

Origins of Oscars

Academy Awards, commonly known as Oscars, were founded in 1927. It is a prestigious award that recognises personalities in the movie industry. It is presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. The award presentation was first started in 1929, and winners since then receive a gold-plated statuette commonly called Oscar.

Category of Academy Awards.

Every year winners are chosen from the following 24 categories: best picture, actor, actress, supporting actor, supporting actress, directing, original screenplay, adapted screenplay, cinematography, production design, editing, original score, original song, costume design, makeup and hairstyling, sound mixing, sound editing, visual effects, foreign-language film, animated feature film, animated short, live-action short, documentary feature, and documentary short.

The other awards include scientific and technical awards, special achievement awards, honorary awards, the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award (for excellence in producing), and the Gordon E. Sawyer Award (for technological contributions), although these are not necessarily awarded annually.

History of the Statuette 

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer art director Cedric Gibbons is credited with designing the statue. He is believed to have sketched the statuette of a knight standing on a reel of film, on a linen napkin. Subsequently, American sculptor George was commissioned to create the original statuette based on this sketch. Earlier, it was cast in bronze with gold plating and later, was made of plastic because of the shortage of metal during World War II. Currently, the statues are made of gold-plated britannium, which stands 13.5 inches and weighs 3.8 kg.

There are many theories as to how the statuette got its name, Oscar. One of the most popular theories is that Actress Bette Davis observed that the backside of the statuette looked like that of her husband Harmon Oscar Nelson.

Eligibility Requirements Of Oscars

A film must be publicly exhibited for paid admission for at least one week at a commercial theatre in Los Angeles county between January 1 and midnight of December 31 of a year, to be eligible for the award in that year. Only foreign-language films, which are submitted by their country of origin, are exempted from this eligibility criteria. Documentaries and short films have different eligibility requirements and are officially submitted by their producers, whereas music awards require the musical artist to file a submission form.

India Shines At Oscars 2023

1. Netflix documentary, The Elephant Whisperers, has scripted history by winning the Academy Award for Best Documentary Short category at the 95th Academy Awards. It is the first Indian documentary to win an Oscar. The Elephant Whisperers tells the story of an indigenous couple named Bomman and Bellie as they care for two orphaned baby elephants. The film explores the precious bond between the animals and their caretakers.

The film was competing against Haulout, How Do You Measure a Year?, The Martha Mitchell Effect and Stranger At The Gate.

Image Source: Netflix

Also read, A Look At The Top 10 Stories Of 2022

Interesting Facts –

  • Director Kartiki Gonsalves followed the story of the elephants and their caretakers for five years. She shot a total of about 450 hours of camera footage for this short 41 minute documentary.
  • The names of the two orphaned calves featured in this documentary are Raghu and Ammu.
  • The caretaker couple and the two elephants live in Theppakadu Elephant camp in Tamil Nadu’s Mudumalai Tiger Reserve.

2. Telugu language song, Naatu Naatu from the film RRR has won the Academy Award for the Best Original Song. It has become the first song ever from any Indian film to win in the Best Song category. Naatu Naatu has been composed by MM Keeravani and penned by Chandra Bose. The song is sung by Rahul Sipligunj and Kaala Bhairava, who also performed the song live at the 95th Academy Awards stage. Music composer MM Keeravani and lyricist Chandrabose accepted the award.

Interesting Facts.

  • The song is a work of art that took a shoot for around 17 days in the palace, with about 1,000 artists working each day. It was shot in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, in August 2021.
  • The song was shot in the presidential palace of Ukraine at Kyiv, which is officially called as Mariinsky Palace. This is where the president of the country usually receives his counterparts.
  • Naatu Naatu is also the winner of the Golden Globe for Best Original Song in January 2023.

The award plays an important role in the rise of the winner significantly as he or she gets better work offers, pay hike, and media recognition. The event takes place in Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles, California.

Watch Full Video On, FIFA World Cup Mascots

Open chat
Hello 👋
Can we help you?