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Category: Special Day

What is Juneteenth?

Juneteenth is a holiday on June 19 in the United States of America that celebrates the end of slavery. It is also known as “Freedom Day” or “Emancipation Day”. The day also honors the contribution and achievements of the African American community, Juneteenth was declared a national holiday by the US government in 2021.

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History Of Slavery In The US 

Starting around the early 1600s and lasting until the mid-1800s, slavery in the US was a time when some people were treated very unfairly. The people who were enslaved were taken from Af- rica and brought to the US against their will. 

They were forced to work for other people without getting paid or having any say in their lives. It was a very difficult and unfair time for them. Some people believed that slavery was wrong and unfair. They started speaking out against slavery, saying that it was cruel and that all people should be treated equally. This led to a big conflict in the United States called the Civil War. 

The Civil War was fought between the northern states such as New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Connecticut who wanted to end slavery, and the southern states like Virginia, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, and Texas who wanted to keep it. In 1863, US President Abraham Lincoln issued the Proclamation of Independence, an executive order which effectively ordered those employed as slaves to be freed. 

However, it took two years for the news to reach the community it was targeted at. On June 19, 1865, the last slaves were declared free in the state of Texas. The freedmen and freedwomen, as they were known after Emancipation, commenced widespread celebration.

Significance Of June 19

June 19 is the day used to mark the end of slavery for African Americans, Juneteenth was declared a state holiday in Texas in 2018 and a national holiday by President Joe Biden in 2021. This was considered to be sparked by the significance of the Black Lives Matter movement, which spotlighted the community as well as important historical events.

Today, the commemoration celebrations continue to remain strong as ever. Celebrations include prayer and other religious services as well as other mass gatherings. 

These gatherings create a sense of unity accompanied by tradition- al food and celebratory music.

This day is a reminder of the history of slavery in the US to learn from the past and make sure everyone is treated equally with respect and fairness. It’s important to treat every human as equal and work together to create a better and more inclusive future.

Word Check

Black Lives Matter, formed in the US in 2013, is a global social movement fighting racism, police violence. This movement advocates equal value and respect for Black lives.

The Juneteenth Flag 

The Juneteenth flag is full of symbolism. Designed by L. J. Graf, the flag is packed with lots of meaning. The colours red, white, and blue resemble the American flag to symbolize that the enslaved people and their descendants were Americans. The central star honours Texas, while the bursting “new star” on the “horizon” of red and blue fields depicts new freedom and a new people.

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World Oceans Day: Check History & Significance

World Oceans Day is celebrated every year on June 8 and the main objective of the day is to focus on and create awareness about ocean conservation. World Oceans Day serves as a reminder to everyone about the major role the oceans have in our everyday life. The world’s oceans, their temperature, currents and marine life, drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the ocean. Throughout history, oceans and seas have also been vital for trade and transportation. Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future.

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History Of World Oceans Day 

The concept of a ‘World Oceans Day’ was first proposed in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to raise awareness about the crucial role the ocean plays in our lives and the important ways people can help protect it. In 2008, led by Canada, the United Nations General Assembly resolved that June 8 would be designated by the United Nations as “World Oceans Day”. The theme of the inaugural World Oceans Day in 2009 was ‘Our Oceans, Our Responsibility’. The theme for World Oceans Day 2024 is ‘Awaken New Depths.

What was the Earth Summit? 

In 1992, more than 100 heads of state met in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the first international Earth Summit convened to address urgent problems of environmental protection and socio-economic development.

Oceans And The Threats They Face 

Our modern habits and the use of many kinds of technologies have a devastating impact on the oceans and on the marine ecosystems and life in general.

  1. Overfishing
  2. Climate Change
  3. Plastic Pollution

Did You Know? 

World Environment Day is celebrated every year on June 5 to encourage global action to protect the environment. It is led by the United Nations Environment Programme and has been held annually since 1973. It is celebrated by millions of people across the world. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will host World Environment Day 2024 with a focus on land restoration, desertification, and drought resilience.

How Can We Save The Oceans?

The time has come to take action and safeguard the ocean. We can all do our bit by taking small steps. We can:

  1. Conserve Water
  2. Shop Responsibly
  3. Reduce Pollutants 
  4. Use Less Energy
  5. Fish Responsibly 
  6. Reduce Waste 
  7. Reduce Vehicle Pollution 

Some Important Facts About Oceans:

  • Did you know that the Earth has one global ocean? Oceanographers and nations have divided it into five different geographical regions – the Pacific, the Atlantic, India, Arctic, and Southern.
  • The ocean produces at least 50% of the planet’s oxygen.
  • Oceans absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide produced by humans, reducing the impacts of global warming.
  • Oceans play an important role in influencing and regulating the climate on the Earth.
  • Oceans are a major source of food and medicine.
  • The ocean covers 71% of the Earth’s surface. It also holds about 96.5% of all Earth’s water.
  • Ocean is home to 94% of life on Earth. However, the exact number of species that live in the ocean is unknown.
  • The sea is home to the world’s largest living structure – the Great Barrier Reef. It is 2,600km long and can be seen from the Moon.
  • The ocean is very important for our economy. It is estimated that 40 million people will be employed by ocean-based industries by 2030.

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Father’s Day: Origin, Date, History, Celebration, and Countries

Father’s Day is a special occasion celebrated worldwide to honour fathers and father figures for their contributions and role. In this article, we talk about the origin, date, history, celebration, and countries where Father’s Day is celebrated with full details.

International Father’s Day : Origin and Date

Father’s Day dates back to the early twentieth century in the United States. Inspired by Mother’s Day, Sonora Smart Dodd decided to establish a day to honour her father, a Civil War veteran who raised six children on his own. Father’s Day was originally observed on June 19, 1910, in Spokane, Washington. However, President Richard Nixon proclaimed the third Sunday in June as Father’s Day in 1972, making it a national holiday in the United States.

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History of International Father’s Day

After the initial celebration in the United States, Father’s Day gradually gained popularity and spread to various countries around the world. Different cultures have different historical backgrounds and traditions associated with Father’s Day. Let’s explore some key moments in the history of Father’s Day in several countries:


United States: As previously stated, Father’s Day originated in the United States. It was designated as a national holiday to commemorate fathers and their contributions to family life and society.

Canada: Father’s Day in Canada has similar origins to the United States, and it is celebrated on the same day, the third Sunday in June. It gained official recognition in 1972.

United Kingdom: In the United Kingdom, Father’s Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June, following the American tradition. It became popular in the early 20th century but did not gain official status until 1972.

Australia: Australia celebrates Father’s Day on the first Sunday of September. It was first observed in 1936 in the town of Fairmont, and its popularity gradually spread throughout the country.

Germany: Father’s Day, known as “Vatertag” in Germany, is celebrated on Ascension Day, which is 40 days after Easter. It began as a religious holiday but transformed into a day where fathers go on outings or hikes with their friends and enjoy.

Celebration of Father’s Day: Gifts, and Celebration Ideas 

Father’s Day is celebrated in various ways around the world. It is an opportunity to express love, gratitude, and appreciation to fathers and father figures. Common ways of celebrating Father’s Day include:

Gift-giving: Children often give gifts, cards, or personalized items to their fathers to show their appreciation.

Quality time: Spending quality time with fathers through activities like outings, picnics, or special meals is a popular way to celebrate.

Special gestures: Children may prepare breakfast in bed, cook a special meal, or undertake household chores to give fathers a break and make them feel special.

Public recognition: Some countries organize events and ceremonies to honour exemplary fathers or father figures who have made significant contributions to their communities.


Father’s Day Around the World: How Different Countries Celebrate

Father’s Day is a widely acknowledged holiday that is observed in many nations around the world and is extensively celebrated. The fundamentals of fatherhood appreciation don’t change despite variations in dates and traditions. Father’s Day is widely observed in the following nations:


United States: As the birthplace of Father’s Day, the United States celebrates this occasion on the third Sunday of June. It is a day dedicated to expressing love, gratitude, and appreciation for fathers and father figures.

Canada: In Canada, Father’s Day also falls on the third Sunday of June, mirroring the American tradition. It is a time to recognize the importance of fathers and their influence in families and society.

United Kingdom: Father’s Day in the United Kingdom is celebrated on the third Sunday of June, following the American model. It is a day for children to honour their fathers through thoughtful gestures, gifts, and quality time spent together.

Australia: Australians celebrate Father’s Day on the first Sunday of September. Families come together to show their appreciation for fathers and indulge them in special treats, heartfelt messages, and thoughtful presents.

Germany: In Germany, Father’s Day, known as “Vatertag,” is observed on Ascension Day, which falls 40 days after Easter. It is a time when fathers traditionally embark on outings or hikes with friends, often accompanied by a few drinks and festivities.

France: Father’s Day in France, known as “Fête des Pères“, takes place on the third Sunday of June, similar to many other countries. It is an occasion to honour fathers through small gifts, heartfelt cards, and family gatherings.

Brazil: Father’s Day  in Brazil is celebrated on the second Sunday of August. This day provides an opportunity to express love and appreciation for fathers, grandfathers, and father figures in their lives.

India: Father’s Day in India is gaining popularity and is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. Families express gratitude towards fathers through gestures, gifts, and spending quality time together.

Japan: Father’s Day, known as “Chichi no Hi“, is celebrated in Japan on the third Sunday of June. It is a day to recognize the importance of fathers and to express love and gratitude through gifts, cards, and special meals.

South Africa: Father’s Day in South Africa is celebrated on the third Sunday of June, coinciding with the international observance. It is a day to appreciate and honour fathers for their love, guidance, and support.

Father’s Day has grown to be a worldwide festival of fatherhood, commemorating the impact and significance of fathers in our lives. It is a day to show love and gratitude for the commitment, sacrifices, and leadership fathers and father figures provide. Whether by offering or spending valuable time together. 

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World Oceans Day: Origins, History, 2023 Theme, and Date

World Oceans Day is an annual event celebrated on June 8th, dedicated to raising awareness and promoting the importance of our oceans. It serves as a reminder of the vital role oceans play in sustaining life on Earth and the need to protect and preserve these fragile ecosystems. In this article, we will delve into the origins and history of World Oceans Day, explore the 2023 theme, and discover how individuals and communities worldwide can contribute to the conservation of our blue planet.

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World Oceans Origins and History

The concept of World Oceans Day was first proposed in 1992 during the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The objective was to designate a day for celebrating and highlighting the significance of the world’s oceans. However, it wasn’t until 2002 that the Canadian government, along with the International Ocean Institute, officially recognized June 8th as World Oceans Day.

Since then, World Oceans Day has gained global recognition and serves as a platform for various organizations, communities, and individuals to come together and take action to protect our oceans. The United Nations officially declared June 8th as World Oceans Day in 2008, further amplifying its significance and reach.

World Oceans Day 2023 Theme: 

The theme for World Oceans Day in 2023 is “Planet Ocean: Tides are Changing.” This theme, adopted by the United Nations, aims to emphasize the critical role that oceans play in sustaining life on Earth and the urgent need to prioritize their preservation.

The choice of this theme underscores the significance of our oceans and the need to address the challenges they face. By highlighting the changing tides, the theme symbolizes the need for positive and transformative action to protect and restore the health of our oceans.

World Oceans Day serves as a global platform for various conferences, seminars, and discussions centered around ocean conservation. Participants from around the world gather to exchange ideas, share knowledge, and collaborate on initiatives aimed at safeguarding the oceans.

The theme “Planet Ocean: Tides are Changing” conveys the message that the oceans are vital to our existence and deserve our utmost attention and care. It calls for a collective effort to reverse the negative impacts of human activities, such as pollution, overfishing, and habitat destruction, and promote sustainable practices that ensure the long-term well-being of our oceans.

By embracing this theme, World Oceans Day 2023 aims to inspire individuals, communities, and nations to take meaningful action and make positive changes in their daily lives to protect and preserve our precious oceans. Together, we can create a sustainable future where the tides of change bring forth a healthier and thriving planet ocean.

World Oceans Day Date and Global Celebrations:

World Oceans Day is celebrated annually on June 8th. On this day, people around the world organize and participate in various activities to raise awareness and engage in ocean conservation efforts. These activities include beach cleanups, educational events, art exhibits, film screenings, and sustainable seafood initiatives, among others.

Many organizations, both local and international, host events and campaigns leading up to and on World Oceans Day. Social media platforms are abuzz with hashtags such as #WorldOceansDay and #ProtectOurOceans, facilitating global conversations and encouraging people to share their personal stories and actions for ocean conservation.

Why We Celebrate World Oceans Day

World Oceans Day is more than just a date on the calendar; it is a global celebration with a crucial purpose. This annual event provides an opportunity for individuals, communities, and organizations worldwide to come together and recognize the immense importance of our oceans. In this article, we will explore the reasons why we celebrate World Oceans Day and shed light on the significance of this international observance.

Raising Awareness:

One of the primary reasons for celebrating World Oceans Day is to raise awareness about the critical role that oceans play in our lives and the health of the planet. Oceans are often referred to as the “lungs of the Earth” because they produce a significant amount of the oxygen we breathe. They also regulate the climate, absorb carbon dioxide, and provide a habitat for an incredible diversity of marine life.

Promoting Ocean Conservation:

World Oceans Day serves as a platform to promote and encourage ocean conservation efforts. It highlights the need for sustainable practices to protect and preserve marine ecosystems and biodiversity. Through awareness campaigns, educational initiatives, and community events, World Oceans Day inspires individuals to take action and make a positive impact on the health of our oceans.

Addressing Environmental Challenges:

Celebrating World Oceans Day allows us to address pressing environmental challenges that our oceans face. Issues such as marine pollution, plastic waste, overfishing, habitat destruction, and climate change impacts are brought to the forefront. By increasing awareness and understanding of these challenges, we can work towards finding solutions and implementing sustainable practices to mitigate their effects.

Fostering Global Collaboration:

World Oceans Day encourages global collaboration and partnerships among governments, organizations, communities, and individuals. It provides a platform for sharing knowledge, expertise, and resources to address common ocean-related concerns. By working together, we can create a collective impact and implement effective strategies for the sustainable management of our oceans.
Inspiring Personal Action:

World Oceans Day motivates individuals to take personal responsibility for the well-being of our oceans. It empowers people to make conscious choices in their daily lives that contribute to ocean conservation, such as reducing plastic consumption, supporting sustainable seafood options, and participating in beach cleanups. Small actions can have a significant ripple effect when multiplied by millions of individuals worldwide.

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Interesting Facts About The World Environment Day

World Environment Day is a Global event which is celebrated on the 5th of June. 

Do you know that the first world environment day was held in which year? The first World Environment Day was observed in 1973. The slogan for the first World Environment Day was “Only One Earth”. It has been celebrated annually ever since with different slogans and themes to address different environmental issues.

World Environment Day holds a great significance today, in the backdrop of global warming, accelerated melting of glaciers and the overall degradation of the environment. The day is celebrated to encourage people around the world to take action towards environmental protection and sustainability. It also aims to serve a reminder to people about our responsibilities in taking crucial steps to safeguard our planet and its resources for future generations and for ourselves. 

Origins of the World Environment Day

Between June 5-16, 1972, Sweden hosted the United Nations Conference on Human Environment, which was the first ever global environment conference. This conference is also known as the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment or the Stockholm Conference. Subsequently, on December 15, 1972, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution designating June 5, as the World Environment Day. Another resolution passed on the same day, led to the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme (“UNEP”).

The UNEP is the leading world authority on the environment.

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Theme for World Environment Day 2023

Each year, the World Environment Day is given a unique theme, which focuses on particular points and missions that help in the safekeeping of our environment. The motive of the theme is also to guide the day’s activities. 

2023 marks the 50th anniversary of the World Environment Day celebrations.

The theme for World Environment Day 2023 is #BeatPlasticPollution.

This theme is being inaugurated by the UNEP to focus on pollution caused by plastic and aims to find solutions to plastic pollution under this campaign. 

World Environment Day Poster 

Just like a different theme, there is a different poster aligned with World Environment Day every year. World Environment Day presents a unique poster to represent the unique theme and spread awareness. The World Environment Day 2023 poster showcases its primary message through vivid imagery and illustrations in highlighting the significance of #BeatPlasticPollution in preserving and safeguarding our environment. 

World Environment Day 2023 Host

Every year the World Environment day is hosted by the United Nations Environment Programme. They intend on running drives, making people aware and encouraging new thoughts and ideas that might be beneficial to the environment. They have been celebrating it since 1973. 

World Environment Day 2023 is hosted by Côte d’Ivoire in partnership with the Netherlands.

Côte d’Ivoire’ is showing leadership in the campaign against plastic pollution. The decision came due to the groundbreaking efforts they have made including the fact that since 2014, they have banned the use of plastic bags, supporting a shift to reusable packaging. The country’s largest city, Abidjan, has also become a hub for environmentally minded start-ups.

World Environment Day Quotes

Quotes have the power to inspire and motivate people to learn, become aware and then subsequently take further steps in safeguarding our environment and the planet Earth. Here are some of the most powerful and impactful quotes shared regarding the importance of the environment. 

  1. “The environment is where we all meet; where all have a mutual interest; it is the one thing all of us share.” – Lady Bird Johnson
  1. “We do not inherit the Earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children.” – Native American Proverb.
  1. “The environment and the economy are really both two sides of the same coin. If we cannot sustain the environment, we cannot sustain ourselves.” – Wangari Maathai

Helping the Environment 

Everyone can do their bit to save the Earth. Here are a things you can do:
  1. Learn more about sustainable development and understand how you can contribute to conserving the planet and its resources. 
  1. Run environment campaigns in schools, colleges, offices, neighbourhoods and communities so that everyone can take individual and collective measures. 
  1. Save the environment resources as much as possible, by saving water and energy.
  1. Eat seasonal and local food. 
  1. Walk or carpool to school. 

How to Celebrate World Environment Day

Several organisations come together on World Environment Day to celebrate and commemorate the day. People can join in the activities to celebrate and make better use of our environment and work towards its sustainability. Here are a few ideas to celebrate this important day. 

  1. Planting trees and creating green spaces in our community.
  1. Joining or organising clean-up drives to remove waste from public areas is a great way of celebrating World Environment Day. 
  1. Spreading the word about environmental issues through social media campaigns and local events. 
  1. Reduce, reuse, and recycle to minimise waste generation. 
  1. Educate yourself and others about sustainable practices and try new ways to reduce plastic pollution. 
  1. Follow the theme of the World Environment Day 2023 and try to reduce the use of plastic, research about the use of plastic and how it is harmful and try to minimise it at your end.

While the World Environment Day is necessary, its most important element is to make sure people understand the meaning of the environment and means for its preservation. Every day should be World Environment Day. There is only one planet and we all need to work collectively to make sure that this one stays healthy and safe, so that we can stay healthy and safe. 

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