The Junior Age

Month: January 2023

India’s Republic Day: History And Celebrations

India marks January 26 as its Republic Day every year. Indian independence from the British Raj was achieved in 1947, but it wasn’t until January 26, 1950, when the Indian Constitution took effect and India was proclaimed a republic and an independent state.

All around the nation, Republic Day is celebrated with great fanfare. The yearly procession that starts at Rajpath in Delhi and concludes at the India Gate is the primary event of the Republic Day celebrations. At Rajpath in New Delhi, the country’s president hoists the flag on this day. The ceremonial event also features parades and airshows by the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force.

History Of Republic Day

India became independent on August 15, 1947. A committee was established to write a permanent constitution for independent India a few days later, on August 29. The committee’s chairman was Dr. BR Ambedkar. The committee wrote the constitution and sent it to the Constituent Assembly on November 4, 1947.

After much deliberation and a few adjustments, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten versions of the accord on January 24, 1950, one in Hindi and one in English. The constitution went into force on January 26, 1950. On that day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad started his first term as President of the Indian Union.

Also read, History of the Constitution of India

Significance Of January 26

On January 26, 1950, the Preamble to the Constitution of India, a statement presenting the key principles of the Constitution came into effect. The governing principle of the Indian Constitution is “of the people, for the people and by the people”, which signifies that the power is vested in the hands of the citizens of India. Republic Day marks the celebration of the empowerment of Indian citizens to select their own government. It is a national holiday which commemorates the process of establishment of the Indian Constitution.

Some Interesting Facts –

1. Every year, heads of different countries are invited as chief guests for the celebration. The first-ever chief guest was President Sukarno who was the first President of Indonesia.

2. The Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi is a three-day affair that comes to an end on January 29 with the Beating Retreat. This takes place on Raisina Hill where the Air Force, Army, and the Navy display their individual bands in splendour. The flag is then brought down while the hymn, “Abide with me” is played. The celebration comes to an end with a bugle call, after which all the bands retreat to the tunes of “Sare Jahan Se Acchcha”.

3. The Indian Constitution, till date, is the longest among all constitutions that exist. When it was created, it had 395 articles and 8 schedules in 22 parts. Today, it has 448 articles, 12 schedules, in 25 parts. A team led by Dr B.R. Ambedkar took nearly 35 months to draft the entire constitution.

The constitution was handwritten in Hindi and English and was signed by 308 parliament members on January 24th, 1950 – two days before it became effective.

4. The Indian Air Force was created by the British Empire and was then called the Royal Indian Air Force. The Indian Air Force did not lose the Royal prefix until the nation became a Republic on January 26, 1950, at which point it became a separate organisation.

Watch Full Video On, #TheCoronation :The Coronation of Britain’s King Charles

A Look At The Top 10 Stories Of 2022

2022 had some major breakthroughs! Here are the top 10 stories of 2022. Let’s take a look at all of them.

1. BCCI Unveils New Team IndiaT20 Jersey.

The BCCI unveiled the new T20 jersey for the Indian men’s and women’s cricket teams. The T20 World Cup was scheduled in Australia in October and November. The Indian men’s team donned the new jersey when it took on Australia in the first of three T20Is in Mohali on September 20.

2. Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s Longest Reigning Monarch, Passed Away At 96.

Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest reigning Monarch, died at 96, after reigning for 70 years. She was Britain’s longest-serving monarch. The UK observed an official 12 day mourning period and flags were flown at half-mast all across the country. She was the head of state of many Commonwealth countries as well as the UK. She was also the Queen of 15 countries of the Commonwealth. 

3. Draupadi Murmu Sworn-In As India’s 15th President.

Draupadi Murmu took the oath as India’s 15th President. The ceremony was held at the central hall of Parliament on 25th July. Did you know that she is India’s first tribal President and also the youngest in the office of the President of India? 

4. The First Indian Origin UK Prime Minister

After Liz Truss resigned, Rishi Sunak became Britain’s next prime minister after he won the race to lead the Conservative Party. The 42-year-old former finance minister became Britain’s third prime minister in less than two months.

5. Artemis Launched, Finally!

After several delays over the past months, NASA’s Artemis moon mission finally launched from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 18. The aim of this programme is to send humans back to the moon in 2025.

6. King Charles III Ascended The Throne

According to a centuries old tradition, Prince Charles, the late Queen’s eldest son at the age of 73, is now King. He will now be known as King Charles III. According to tradition, many steps have to be taken before he is crowned the King. He was proclaimed King on September 10, at St. James’s Palace in London.

Also read, King Charles III’s Coronation- As It Happened

7. Argentina Are The FIFA World Cup Champions

Argentina are the FIFA World Cup Champions after a remarkable finals. On December 18, Argentina defeated the defending champions France 4-2 on penalties after the game finished 3-3 after extra time. Lionel Messi and Angel Di Maria scored a goal each for the winning team.

8. First Female Official At Men’s World Cup

Stephanie Frappart from France became the first female official at a men’s FIFA World Cup match when she was named the fourth official for Tuesday’s Group C clash between Mexico and Poland at 974 Stadium.The 0-0 outcome marked the second scoreless draw in the competitions.
9. India’s 1st Private Satellite Launched

India launched its first privately developed rocket, Vikram S, from the Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO’s) launchpad at Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota between November 12 and 16. Vikram S was developed by Hyderabad-based Skyroot Aerospace and it will carry two Indian and one foreign customer payloads in a sub-orbital mission.

10. The Football Legend: ‘Pelé’ 

Edson Arantes do Nascimento, fondly known as Pelé, has died at the age of 82. The Brazilian football legend is the youngest player ever to win a FIFA World Cup at the age of 17 in 1958. He is credited with scoring a world record 1,281 goals in 1,363 appearances during a 21-year career. 

Check out ,#PELE : All About The Football Legend, ‘Pelé’

All about The Football Legend, ‘Pelé’

Football’s greatest player ever, Pelé died in São Paulo, Brazil on December 29, at the age of 82. His birth name was Edson Arantes do Nascimento. He had been suffering with health problems for many years. 

Widely regarded as one of soccer’s greatest players, the Brazilian player was one of the most well-known athletes of the 20th century and the only male football player to have won three FIFA World Cup championships (1958, 1962, and 1970).  He played for Brazil and club sides Santos and New York Cosmos as a striker. Pelé was the Brazilian national team’s all-time top goalscorer, with 77 goals in 92 games.

Also Read, Interesting Facts about The New Parliament Building of India

Why Do We Call Him Pelé?

The nickname Pelé emerged when a young Edson couldn’t pronounce the name of goalkeeper Bilé, who played in his hometown. He would always say Pelé.

Pelé’s Achievements

1. In 1957, at the age of 16, he made his national football (soccer) team debut. 

2. He scored three goals against France in the 1958 World Cup semifinal, and two more against Sweden in the championship match. 

3. He was later recognized as a national treasure by the Brazilian government. To prevent him from being traded to foreign teams, Brazilian President Jânio Quadros had Pelé declared a national treasure in 1961. 

4. The Brazilian football legend is also the youngest player ever to win a FIFA World Cup at the age of 17 in 1958. 

5. He is credited with scoring a world record of 1,281 goals in 1,363 appearances during a 21-year career.

6. Pelé was named Fifa’s Player of the Century in 2000.

7. He holds the Guinness World Record for the greatest number of goals scored by an individual. 

8. Pelé scored his 1000th goal on November 19, 1969. November 19 is simply known as Pelé Day in Santos. There is a statue of Pelé in Rio de Janeiro that was unveiled in 2018. There is also a museum in his honour.

9. In Brazil he is often called “Pérola Negra”, which means Black Pearl.

10. When he was only 15 years old, he was signed by Santos. In his debut league match he scored four goals. He was discovered by another Brazilian player Waldemar de Brito. Brito at that time had said that Pelé was going to be the greatest football player in the world

11. In 1999, he was voted as the Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Association.


Life After Retirement

In 1977 Pelé completed his career and retired after he led the New York Cosmos in the direction of the US title. He served as a Goodwill UNICEF ambassador for many years, promoting peace and support for vulnerable children.

“I was born to play football, just like Beethoven was born to write music and Michelangelo was born to paint,” Pelé famously said.

RIP Football Legend, Pelé.

Watch Full Video On, #PELE : All About The Football Legend, ‘Pelé’

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