The Junior Age


Category: News

First Sustainable Long Haul Flight Crosses The Atlantic

Virgin Atlantic flew a large passenger jet from London to New York using 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (“SAF”). Air plane travel generates nearly 3% of the world’s greenhouse gases. Cutting pollution from flying is important to fight against the climate crisis. Airlines and plane makers are working hard to figure out ways to make their flights pollute less. Typically, air-planes can use up to 50% SAF, and this is mixed with the kerosene that the planes usually use for fuel.

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Virgin Atlantic had to get special permission to use 100% SAF. The fuel used on this flight was mainly made from used cooking oils and animal fats.

A small part of the fuel was made from corn waste. Virgin Atlantic says that using SAF cut the flight’s pollution by 70%. SAF still pollutes when it’s burned. The difference is in how the fuels are made.

SAF is made from plants and related animal products that once absorbed carbon dioxide from the air. When SAF burns. it just releases this same carbon dioxide again. That’s different from jet fuel, which is made from oil pumped from underground, releasing carbon dioxide that was deeply buried.

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Uttarakhand Tunnel Collapse : 41 Workers Rescued from Tunnel Tragedy

41 Indian construction workers have been rescued from a tunnel they became trapped in after a landslide in Uttarakhand. The construction workers became trapped inside the 4.5 km Silkyara tunnel on November 12, when a portion of it collapsed following a land-slide. They were trapped inside for 17 days, but all of them were rescued on November 28, thanks to the heroic efforts of the Indian government.

Also Read, The Stage Is Getting Set For COP28 In Dubai

Many different methods were used to rescue them, but the tricky conditions made it very difficult. While the workers were stuck they were provided with food, water, and oxygen. Even though it is reported that none of the workers were injured, they were taken to a hospital for thorough medical checkups.

Word Check

A landslide is a large amount of earth, rock, and other material that moves down a steep slope. Landslides happen when a layer of earth or rocks separates from the layer below it.

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The Stage Is Getting Set For COP28 In Dubai

What Is COP 28?

COP28 is the popular name for the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2023. It will be held in Dubai from November 30-December 12, 2023. COP stands for “Conference of the Parties”, which are the 198 parties that have signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, originally adopted in Brazil in 1992.

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Since 1995, COPs have been held every year in different cities, with the exception of COP26 in Glasgow, which was delayed by a year due to the Coronavirus pandemic. COP is an annual event where representatives of the UN and governments from around the world discuss and make strategies to fight climate change on a global scale.

Who Attends COPS?

The conference is attended by representatives of the countries that are part of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. There are currently 198 parties, including all United Nations member states, UN General Assembly observers, and the European Union. Some charities, scientists, journalists, Indigenous Peoples’ groups, and general members of the public also attend. Once the meeting is over, the parties usually release a joint statement outlining their plans to tackle global warming and climate change.

The Start Of COPS

The idea for COP came from the Earth Summit, which was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992. This was a very big international conference, organised by the United Nations because of the growing concerns about the environment. World leaders realised that countries needed to work together to fight climate change. During the Earth Summit, an international environmental treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, was signed by 154 states. The treaty set out a requirement for regular meetings of the signatories so that environmental policies could be made and agreed. These meetings became known as Conferences of the Parties or COP for short.
The first COP was held in Berlin, Germany, in 1995.

Do You have any suggestions for World Leader?

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World’s First Successful Eye Transplant

For the first time ever, a human eyeball has been transplanted successfully. Aaron James received the transplant in New York back in May, during a 21-hour opera-tion. Surgeon Eduardo Rodriguez was joined by a team of more than 140 people to complete the procedure, which has never been tried before. Five months after getting his new eyeball, James is feeling good. He said: “Before the transplant, emotionally, I was a little down. My confidence level was a little low. 

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But, since the transplant, I tell people I can’t walk past the mirror without looking at it. It has made me stand up taller. It’s great.” James lost his eye when he was injured badly in 2021.

Experts aren’t sure if he ever will be able to see using his new eye, but they are confident this is a big step forward in helping others with similar injuries.

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Gwalior and Kozhikode Added To UNESCO Creative Cities List

Gwalior and Kozhikode, have been added to the prestigious list of UNESCO Creative Cities Network (“UCCN”). These two Indian cities are among the 55 new cities to join the UCCN. UNESCO praised these new cities for “their strong commitment to harnessing culture and creativity as part of their development strate-gies, as well as displaying innovative practices in human-centered urban planning. 

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While Gwalior, (in Madhya Pradesh) made the list in the ‘Music’ category, Kozhikode, (in Kerala) made the list in the ‘Literature’ category. Few other cities included in the list are Casablanca for Media Arts, Kathmandu for Film, and Rio de Janeiro for Literature. With these new additions, UCCN now lists 350 cities in more than a hundred countries, representing seven creative fields: Crafts and Folk Art, Design, Film, Gastronomy, Lit-erature, Media Arts and Music.

Can you think of any other Indian city that can be a part of UCCN and for which creative field?

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