On November 14, 1889, Jawahar Lal Nehru aka Chacha Nehru was born in Allahabad, India. He was educated in Hindi, Sanskrit, and English as a child. He moved to England in 1905 to pursue his studies in law and science. He went back to India in 1912, where he practised law in Allahabad.
In 1947 Jawaharlal Nehru became the first prime minister of India. For more than 20 years he had worked with Mahatma Gandhi to free India from British rule. The Indian people called him Pandit, which means “wise man.” Nehru was awarded with the Bharat Ratna award in 1955. It is India’s highest civilian honour for his outstanding contribution during the freedom struggle and as the first prime minister of India.
With the “Gandhi cap” and the “Nehru Jacket” being instantly recognisable items, Nehru’s traditional clothing style is still prevalent and continued today. His ancestry in the Kashmiri Pandit family. This is why he was given the name ‘Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’.
Nehru remained prime minister until his death. He died in New Delhi, India, on May 27, 1964. His daughter, Indira Gandhi, became prime minister two years later.
Children’s Day and its honour to Chacha Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was extremely fond of children and loved them very much. Children also used to fondly address him as ‘Chacha Nehru’. November 14 is still celebrated as Children’s Day in India. It is because of his love for the children that it is celebrated that day.
Since Jawaharlal Nehru consistently highlighted the need of showing children love and affection, the primary goal of observing his birthday as Children’s Day is to promote the welfare of kids nationwide. Nehru founded Children’s Film Society India in 1995 in an effort to produce locally produced children’s films and to advance every child’s right to entertainment.
This day is observed in all schools with great excitement and a variety of events and activities are organised for the kids at school. Activities such as dancing performances, essay writing contests, and singing competitions are planned.
Did You Know?
Another day celebrated in his honour is the occasion of Children’s Day which has been observed on November 20 in India since 1959, which was the date observed by the United Nations as Universal Children’s Day. It was after Jawaharlal Nehru’s death in 1964 that a decision was made to observe Children’s Day or Bal Diwas in India on his birthday.
Chacha Nehru’s Achievements
He wrote many books, including ‘The Discovery of India’, ‘Glimpses of World History’, and his autobiography, ‘Towards Freedom’.
The book ‘Letters from a Father to a Daughter’ contains a compilation of his letters to his daughter when she was 10 years old and away at boarding school.
His very first speech Nehru made as the first Prime Minister of independent India, titled ‘Tryst with Destiny’, is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of the 20th century..
Under his direction, some of the most prestigious institutions in our nation were founded, including the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), and National Institutes of Technology (NITs). In order to end social inequities and preserve peace and harmony among India’s many different communities, he also made a number of reforms and revisions to the laws already in place.