The Nobel Prize is one of the most important awards that anyone can receive. Nobel Prizes are given each year in six subject areas.
The areas are physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace, and economics. The prizes honour people anywhere in the world who have done outstanding work in one of these areas.
The Nobel Prizes are named after Alfred Nobel, a Swedish scientist. He invented an explosive called dynamite. The invention made him rich. He decided to use the money to honour people who helped humankind in some way.
The Nobel Prize In Physics 2023
Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz and Anne L’Huillier because they discovered a way to create small pulses of light which help measure the way electrons move. This discovery is very useful for understanding more about the way electrons move in a material.
The Nobel Prize In Physiology Or Medicine 2023
The US based duo Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman for the modification of mRNA (a material in our cells which helps in transport of genetic material) to fight against Covid-19, which led to the formation of a vaccine. This created a big impact in the world of medicine.
The Nobel Prize In Literature 2023
Jon Fosse, a Norwegian author, “for his innovative plays and prose which give voice to the unsayable”.
The Nobel Prize Chemistry 2023
Moungi G. Bawendi, Louis E. Brus and Alexei I. Ekimov “for the discovery and synthesis of quantum dots”. These tiny par-ticles, which are the smallest part of nanotechnology, can be used to give a lot of light and help surgeons and other doctors to perform surgeries where they need to observe something very small.
Nobel Peace Prize 2023
Narges Mohammadi for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran and her fight to promote human rights and freedom for all.
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize In Economic Sciences 2023
Claudia Goldin for “having advanced our understanding of women’s labour market outcomes”
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