The Junior Age

Month: May 2024

Some Interesting And Fun Dino Facts

1. Dinosaurs lived on Earth around 165 million years ago. They became extinct around 65 million years ago. Scientists believe that dinosaurs became extinct after an asteroid that hit the Earth. The impact of the asteroid would have significantly changed the Earth’s climate and vegetation. Unfortunately, the dinosaurs couldn’t adapt to the changes so they became extinct. However, this isn’t confirmed and some scientists still class it as a mystery!

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2. Dinosaur fossils have been found on all continents on Earth, including Antarctica! We know that dinosaurs lived on all continents because of this.

3. It was only 200 years ago that the first time a dinosaur fossil was unearthed by humans and officially named.

4. The first dinosaur was named by an English naturalist named William Buckland in 1824. It was called Megalosaurus. Even though it was the first time a dinosaur had been officially recognised, they were not known as dinosaurs until the 1840s.

5. The word ‘dinosaur comes from two Greek words: ‘dienos’ meaning terrible and ‘sauros’ meaning reptile. In 1842, British palaeontologist Richard Owen came up with the word.

6. The present day birds have evolved from the dinosaurs that lived millions of years ago!

7. There were more than 700 species of dinosaurs. Some of the dinosaurs were herbivores, while others were carnivores.

8. One of the biggest dinosaurs ever was the Argentinosaurus. Whereas, Tyrannosaurus Rex was one of the most ferocious dinosaurs ever.

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Wounded Orangutan Seen Using Plant As Medicine

Scientists in Indonesia, recently spotted a Sumatran orangutan, named Rakus, using natural medicine to heal a large wound on his cheek. This has led to new discussions about the intelligence of the great apes. According to the researchers in Indonesia’s Gunung Leuser National Park, Bakus was hurt in a fight, leaving him with a nasty wound.

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The researchers observed that he chewed a plant called Akar Kuning, to create a paste to apply to his wounded cheek. This plant is used by local people to help treat malaria and diabetes. The researchers then observed that within a week the wound had closed.

The scientists believe Rakus knew he was applying medicine because orangutans rarely eat this plant, and because of how long he spent tending to his injury. This is the first time ever a creature in the wild has been recorded treating an injury with a medicinal plant. They think Raku’s human-like behaviour could come from an ancestor we share with apes. However scientists have in the past already observed great apes using medicine plants to stay in good health and cure illness and infections.

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How Nature Conservation Is Making a Difference

According to a recent study published in the journal Science, conservation efforts are reducing global biodiversity loss. This is the first study of its kind. For over a decade, international researchers have reviewed 665 trials of conservation measures in different countries, oceans, and across species, some dating back as far back as 1890.

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They found that the conservation measures had a positive effect in two out of every three cases. Their findings show a “ray of light” for those working to protect threatened animals and plants.

Co-author Dr Penny Langhammer, executive vice-president of environment charity Re:wild, told BBC News: “If you read the headlines about extinction these days, it would be easy to get the impression that we are failing biodiversity but that’s not really looking at the whole picture. This study provides the strongest evidence to date that not only does conservation improve the state of biodiversity and slow its decline, but when it works, it really works”.

The study has highlighted that one positive outcome of conservation measures is that the deforestation rates falling 74% in the Congo Basin. However, a fifth of projects negatively impacted the targeted species. Even though some provided an accidental boost for other species.

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India Was The Third Largest Solar Power Generator In 2023

According to a new report titled Global Electricity Review (“Report”) by global energy think tank Ember, 30% of the electricity being used across the world now comes from renewable energy. Renewable wind and solar power are growing faster than any other electricity source in history, Solar and wind energy have grown faster than expected, increasing from just 0.2% of global power in 2000 to 13.4% in 2023.

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The Report has also stated that India has overtaken Japan to become the world’s third-largest solar power generator in 2023, as it generated 5.8% of its electricity from solar energy last year. In 2023, a record 5.5% of the world’s electricity was generated from solar energy.

These figures are for 2023 and it’s a record high amount of global electricity being produced through renewable energy. Many countries are trying to cut the amount of fossil fuels they use. However, the growth of the clean electricity sources needs to speed up even more to meet the global goal of tripling renewable energy by 2030.

Word Check
Renewable energy or clean energy or green power is made from resources that nature will replace, like wind, water, and sunshine. This kind of energy does not pollute the environment.

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International Museum Day: Celebrating Cultural Heritage and Artistic Excellence

The International Museum Day was established to encourage research and conservation of the world’s natural and cultural heritage. International Museum day is an event run by the International Council of Museums officially since 1977.

The theme in 2024 is “Museums for Education and Research”.

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What is International Museum Day?

Organised on 18th May every year since the last 40 years, International Museum Day is an annual event that celebrates the importance of ‘museums as a means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among people’.

This day is celebrated with fun events and creative activities. Last year, over 37,000 museums from 158 countries and territories took part in the event.

Here are some interesting museums you can visit in India.

  • Patang Kite Museum, Ahmedabad  : Visit for a rare collection of kites.
  • National Rail Museum, Delhi  : An exhibit on the history of rail transport in India.
  • Shankar’s International Doll Museum, Delhi : Home to over 6,000 dolls from around the world.
  • NIMHANS Brain Museum, Bengaluru : Contains over 300 specimens of the human brain preserved in jars. 
  • Black Magic and Witchcraft Museum, Mayong, Assam : Showcases relics and manuscripts on Black Magic and witchcraft. 
  • Partition Museum, Delhi : Portrays the movements leading up to the Independence, Partition and aftermath. 
  • Indian Museum, Kolkata : One of the oldest and largest museums in India, showcasing a wide range of artifacts from ancient civilizations.
  • National Museum, New Delhi : Houses an extensive collection of art, artifacts, and relics representing India’s rich cultural heritage.
  • Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad : Home to one of the world’s largest private collections of art and antiques, spanning various civilizations.
  • The Calico Museum of Textiles, Ahmedabad : Preserves and displays a vast collection of Indian textiles, showcasing the country’s rich weaving traditions.

These are just a few examples, as India is home to numerous museums spread across various cities, each with its own unique collection and focus.

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