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Understanding Heat Waves : Everything You Need To Know

Many parts of India are currently experiencing heat waves. Heatwaves usually occur in North-Western parts of India, typically between March and June, and in some rare cases even extend till July, The temperature in some places in India has already crossed 40° C. Indians are being warned to be careful. Heat waves are also becoming very common across the world. Some experts believe that climate change is responsible for this.

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What Is Heat Waves?

According to the World Meteorological Organization, an agency of the United Nations, a heat wave is a period of unusually not weather over a region persisting for at least two consecutive days during the hot period of the year”

The Indian Meteorological Department has laid down the following criteria for heat waves: 40° C in the plains, 37 ° C in the coastal regions, and 30° C in the mountains.

What Causes Heat Waves?

According to the Asian Development Bank, “A heat wave occurs when there is high pressure in the atmosphere that forces hot air downward and traps it near the ground. This high-pressure system acts like a lock that prevents the hot air from rising. Consequently, rain cannot form and the hot air gets hotter”.

Consequences Of Heat Waves

Heat waves not only affect humans and wildlife, but can adversely impact the environment, as well. The following are some of the consequences of the heat waves: 

  1. Droughts
  2. Scarcity of water
  3. Heat stroke
  4. Power outages & blackouts
  5. Exhaustion & dehydration
  6. Increase in air pollution and dust

8 heat wave safety tips to keep children safe:

There are various ways to stay safe in a heat wave. The following can be done in order to stay safe:

  1. Stay Indoors Between 12-4 Pm.
  2. Stay Hydrated
  3. Eat High Water Content Food
  4. Look After You Pets
  5. Avoid Sugary & Fizzy Drinks
  6. Use An Umbrella While Going Out
  7. Wear Light & Cool Clothing
  8. Avoid Extreme Physical Activity In The Sun

Did You Know? 

According to the World Health Organisation and Red Cross, a person on average should drink approximately 3-3.5 litres of liquids per day to stay hydrated.

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Chandrayaan-3 Landing Point Is Now Officially “Shiv Shakti”

The spot where the Indian Space Research Organisation’s Vikram lander had touched down on the Moon during the groundbreaking Chandrayaan-3 mission has been officially named “Shiva Shaku”, following approval by the International Astronomical Union.

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On August 26, 2023 the Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced that the landing site would be called “Shiva Shakti”. The name “Statio Shiva Shakti” for the Chandrayaan-3 landing site was approved by the Paris-based organisation on March 19.

Watch Full Video on, Chandrayaan -3, India’s Successful Lunar Mission

Solar Eclipse: Total Solar Eclipse On April 8

On April 8, 2024, Mexico, the US, and Canada will experience a total solar eclipse. A total solar eclipse happens when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, completely blocking the face of the Sun. The sky will darken as if it were dawn or dusk. Total solar eclipses are rare. This solar eclipse will not be visible in India.

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However, it’s essential to note that despite the global interest in this celestial event, not everyone will have the chance to witness it firsthand. In the case of the April 8, 2024 eclipse, it will not be visible from India, highlighting the geographical specificity of such phenomena. Nevertheless, thanks to modern technology and media coverage, people around the world can still partake in the experience through live broadcasts and online resources.

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Pig Kidney Transplanted Into A Man For The First Time

Recently, American doctors have performed the first transplant of a genetically modified kidney from a pig into a living human at Massachusetts General Hospital, US. The patient, Rick Slayman, a 62-year-old man, had been diagnosed with end-stage kidney disease. After the transplant, he is now recovering well and is expected to be discharged from the hospital soon.

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Doctors have said that they believe that his new kidney could last years but also acknowledged that there are many unknown factors in animal-to-human transplants. Experts say xenotransplants (transplants of animal organs into people) are crucial to solving the organ shortage. This is the third transplant of a pig organ into a living human. The first two were hearts transplanted into living people who had run out of other transplant options. However, both of these patients did not survive for too long after their respective heart transplants.

Did You Know?

Massachusetts General Hospital was also the first 2 hospitals to perform a kidney transplant in 1954.

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NASA To Send Coded Message In Hindi To Jupiter’s Moon

NASA is planning to launch the Europa Clipper Mission to Jupiter’s watery moon in October 2024. It is also proposing to send along with the spacecraft a unique message that has been recorded in 103 languages including Hindi. NASA has found strong evidence of an ocean under the icy crust of Jupiter’s moon Europa. It is estimated that the amount of water on Europa is more than twice the amount of water of all of Earth’s oceans combined.

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The message is engraved on a plate made from metal tantalum. NASA collected recordings of the word “water” spoken in 103 languages from around the world. The audio files were then converted into waveforms (visual representations of sound waves) and etched into the plate.

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